By 2018, less than 0.01% of mobile apps will...
Android OS History: Quick BitesThe epic journey started in 2003, when Andy Rubin and his team founded Android Inc. At that time, nobody paid much attention to yet another development company who aimed to develop ‘software for mobile devices’. Yet, the start-up came up with a revolutionary open source platform based on Linux, which offered developers a set of easy-to-use tools, and freedom to exploit and develop it. Google co-founders realized the potential early on, and bought Android Inc in 2005. Taking the competitive market, divided at that time by Microsoft and Apple, the international community was equally skeptical and curious about the move. Yet, another 2 years passed, and Google’s intentions became clear, as they offered developers $10 mln for best apps to encourage Android application development. Google wasn’t after another iPhone, they were creating an open software system that would be independent from any hardware. On November 5th , 2007, Google unveiled Android, and the day has officially become Android’s birthday. The rest is history.
- Android 1.5 – Cupcake, born on April 27, 2009, was the first to get the sweet naming tradition started. It was upgraded to the 2.6.27 Linux kernel, which improved stability and security features. Smart virtual keyboard, Picasa image uploading, stereo Bluetooth and hands-free calls, and voice search were among the most anticipated features of that early release.
- Android 1.6 – Donut, released on September 15, 2009, boasted new features such as adjustable home screen, along with ability to arrange apps and widgets in folders, battery usage indicator, and better text-to-speech options.
- Android 2.0 – Éclair, which saw the world on October 26, 2009, offered Quick Contact feature, keyboard improvements, Voice Typing and Voice Actions options.
- Year 2010 gave birth to 2 Android versions: Android 2.2 – Froyo, on May 20, and Android 2.3 – Gingerbread, on December 6. Froyo got known for multiple keyboard language, portable Wi-fi spot, and larger RAM support. Gingerbread’s new sensors put stress on gaming capabilities: “touch, tap, tilt, and play away”, says the official Android page.
- Android 3.0 – Honeycomb, released on February 22, 2011, was designed for tablet use only and featured optimized tablet UI, redesigned widgets, customizable home screen, action bar, browser enhancements, and hardware acceleration for 2D graphics.
- Android 4.0 - Ice Cream Sandwich, “Beyond Smart” system shakes the market on October 18, 2011. It offers better, more universal, interface, faster web browsing, speech transcription, and data use monitoring. And, sure enough, everyone remembers photo taking triggered by a smile, and Roboto, the new font.
- Android 4.1 - Jelly Bean, presented on July 9, 2012, was famous for Project Butter – enormous amount of work done to produce the fastest system version. Google Now, voice search, expandable notifications, predictive keyboard were among top Jellybean features. The release almost corresponds with Google Play store passing one-million mark for Android apps published.
- Android 4.4 – KitKat, a sweet version from October 31, 2013, enjoyed Bluetooth MAP support and wireless printing, touch screen optimization for better multitasking. “Smart, simple, and truly yours”, it made users’ hearts melt.
- Android 5.0 Lollipop, was introduced to public on November 12, 2014, and had a lot of new features to offer, including device sharing, material design, and battery saver.
5 tasty reasons to anticipate Android MarshmallowThe official Android 6.0 Marshmallow release is scheduled for some time "later this fall". Yet, three Developer Previews give us some hints as to what to expect. Below are major of them:
- 1. Permission controls (granular app permissions)
- 2. Visual Voicemail
- 3. Android Pay
- 4. Doze – A New Word in Battery Life Saving
- 5. Updates to Fingerprint API